The national team rider clocked 2:22:00 followed by Szymon Wasiak (National Team Coaches, 2:22:00) and Guillaume Souter (Team Al Jassra, 2:22:02).
Four-time Tour champion Froome fractured a thigh, elbow and vertebrae during the Criterium du Dauphine stage race and last week had more surgery.
The third phase will resume on November 15 at Al Shahaniya.
Iran riders Mohammed and Taregh Abdolrahman Hermi won the 1st and 2nd place respectively in the Men Under 30 category.
The 34-year-old took part in a team time trial run round a single lap at the Saitama Criterium meet with 2019 Tour de France winner Egan Bernal and Ineos teammate Jonathan Castroviejo playing bodyguard.
Riding for the Dutch outfit Jumbo-Visma, Roglic won the Tour of Spain and came close to winning the Giro d'Italia this year after also winning the Tirreno-Adriatico and the Tour de Romandie.
The Briton is still in recovery after sustaining dreadful injuries in June when he hit a brick wall at high speed, fracturing ribs, a femur, and an elbow.
The five-times Tour de France winner was injured Sunday during a bike outing with friends and taken to hospital in Dendermonde, the paper added.
The Trek-Segafredo rider finished 16sec ahead of Alejandro Valverde and Tour de France champion Egan Bernal in the 243km race from Bergamo in northern Italy.
The 32-year-old Education First rider accelerated on the final kilometre on the steep climb up to Superga Basilica overlooking Turin, to finish in 4hr 03min 48sec.
The competitive spirit was boosted by the emergence of new teams like Qatar Army.
The league consists of seven races with the ever-popular finale held on Al Bidda Park’s “Red Road”.
The 23-year-old timed his last-gasp run to perfection to beat Italian Matteo Trentin and Swiss rider Stefan Kung.
The popular Welshman won the Tour in 2018 but came second behind his teammate, 21-year-old Egan Bernal in July.
The 34-year-old broke his neck, femur, elbow, hip and ribs when he crashed before stage four of the Criterium du Dauphine in France in June.